The elderberry tree (Sambucus nigra) is a growing shrub despite its name. It can be recognized by its serrated leaves that grow in groups of three to nine leaves on each side of the stem. This tree has the moderate growth rate of 6 to 12 feet for the first few years of its growth. You may have to wait for 2 to 3 years after planting before it bears fragrant, waxy white flowers in the spring and fruit in the fall. Raw elderberry can be toxic to humans, dogs, and cats.
Elderberry is a hardy shrub that continues to grow even after it has been cut and sprayed. The plants take a first year to establish themselves and typically begin producing fruit by the third or fourth year. Therefore, you will notice a significant growth rate increase during the second season in your garden.
Elderberries require the most care during the first year. The young plants need large amounts of the water to grow large, shallow root systems. First, however, gardeners must ensure that the soil drains well. Elderberry doesn’t enjoy “wetting its feet,” and over-watering can drown the plant, stunting its growth.